The concept of addition and subtraction isn't hard. It is the memorization of the facts that is hard. The brain has trouble storing information that it can not associate to a picture. Mnemonics create "rhyming links" or "associations" that give the brain an organizational framework on which to hook new information. A dissemination of this program under a federal Christa McAuliffee Fellowship Grant showed an average gain of 14 percentile points in math in individual classrooms.
See "Research Page" for a discussion on memory enhancement techniques and teacher comments.
Process
Beginning Memory Aids for Math (M10) sets a framework that can be used in later grades. For example, students turn a 10 into a hen to remember the number 10. Later, in Addition and Subtraction Math Facts (M8 & M11), students associate all facts of ten (1&9, 2&8, 3&7, etc.) to hen characters to learn the addition and subtraction facts of ten. Students in Kindergarten have learned all their addition and subtraction facts this way because they love the stories and characters associated with each fact family 3  18. Finally, because the Multiplication and Division Math Facts (M9) use many of the same characters as the addition and subtraction posters, both addition/subtraction and multiplication/division facts can be taught at the same time or introduced earlier than usual. Although the process is sequential, order only the memory aid products that correspond with the needs of your child or class..
After students fully understand the concept of addition and subtraction and you are ready for them to memorize facts, use our memory aid posters and/or flashcards.
See "CHILDREN'S CORNER" for concept. Scroll down for Product Descriptions.
9 18 9 + 9  9 +9
Same family addition and subtraction facts have the same memory aid character on the back of our flashcards to help children understand the algebraic concept that subtraction is the opposite of addition...a concept that is not readily obvious to students. 
Children's Corner
9 9
9 18  9 = 9 because 9 + 9 = 18 

For multiplication, put running shoes on the gate and say "81 Gateywon" (the race)! (Students taught memory aid tricks can use them on their own and gain confidence in their memory ability. 
Products






Beginning Memory Aids for Math (M10) $29.95 Number Cards and Activities Posters, Art Activities, Worksheets, and Games to Teach: Number Names: One through Eleven, the Plus and Minus Sign, the Concept of Addition and Subtraction, and the Number Patterns  Add One or Add None, Take Away One, Take Away All or Take Away All But One 



Jumbo Magnetic Numbers (M13) $15.95Use magnetic numbers to show children how the numbers of math families pair up. First, make a number line with magnetic numbers as shown with the ten fact family above. Start with 0 and line up the magnetic numbers until you say the family name. Show how the smallest number always goes with the largest etc. by taking the numbers on each end and pulling them down until all the numbers have a partner. Pull down 0 & 10 as shown. Then pull down 1 & 9, 2 & 8, 3 & 7, 6 & 4. If one number is left standing, you will have to double that number (for example, the 5 becomes 5 + 5.) 10 is an even number. Numbers that do not make a double pair are odd numbers.Number set includes 36 2 1/2" numbers with 6 operations for problem solving.Facts with double digits or a 0 are eliminated when memorizing fact families below. (Students should not need a memory aid for 0 + something. Also, double digit numbers are always added as single digits by first adding the ones column and then adding the tens column.




M12 Memory Aid Resource Book for Addition/Subtraction (out of stock) Supplements the Instruction Book that accompanies the posters and flashcards. Contains: Take Home Story Books of Memory Aid Stories, Story Problems, Flip Book for Doubles, Fact Hunt Sheets, and Assessment Sheets 








M9 $28.50 Memory Aid Posters and Fact Hunt Worksheets Multiplication & Division 
